- n° 120104
"Japon - Sharp Corp. to Produce Solar Cell Modules in Europe Sharp Corporation, one of the world's leading manufacturers of photovoltaic (PV) modules, will start producing PV modules at Sharp Manufacturing Company of U.K. (SUKM) in Wrexham, North Wales in spring 2004. The annual production capacity of solar cell modules at SUKM will be 20MW per year initially and will increase as demand grows. Sharp has already started production in the U.S., and the company decided to start producing solar cell modules in Europe as its second overseas manufacturing base in expectation of further expansion of the European market. As awareness of the need to conserve the global environment increases around the world, outstanding efforts by European countries, such as Germany, towards introducing renewable energy sources have triggered an upsurge in the demand for PV systems. Sharp aims to continue producing these systems in Europe in view of upcoming regulations on recycling and reuse of solar cell modules under an EU directive. _____ Japon Total Cost of Nuclear Fuel Cycle to Reach 19 Trillion Yen The Federation of Electric Power Companies, a body composed of 10 electric power utilities, released an estimate that the total cost of operating the nuclear fuel cycle (NFC) in Japan over 72 years, starting in 2006 when reprocessing plants begin operation until termination of the program in 2078, will add up to 18.91 trillion yen (approximately US $170.36 billion at 1US$=111 yen). These costs relate to the following factors: transportation, interim storage and reprocessing of spent nuclear fuel discharged by nuclear power plants around the nation; processing spent fuel back into fuel; back-end costs for uranium enrichment plants; and costs related to the decommission of reprocessing plants. This provisional estimate was disclosed at a meeting held on November 5, 2003 of the Advisory Committee on Energy and Natural Resources, a consultative organ of the Minister of Economy, Trade and Industry. It's said that these final treatment costs, amounting to almost 19 trillion yen, will affect the cost of power generation by ""0.99 to 1.53 yen per kWh."" The Federation held back these figures as an industrial secret until recently, but it is thought that the decision to release them stemmed from the sense of urgency felt by electric utilities in the Federation about impending cost competition associated with deregulation of the electric power industry. Currently, there are 53 nuclear power plants in Japan. The electricity market has long been dominated by 10 regional electric companies, one set up for each region. However, deregulation is already under way, although it is now limited to large-scale industrial plants and department stores. The scope of deregulation will expand in future to include medium-scale industrial plants and office buildings in FY 2004, and small-scale factories and supermarkets in FY 2005. When this happens, liberalized sources will account for about 60 percent of Japan's electricity supply. The Advisory Committee on Energy and Natural Resources will use the Federation's estimates to draw up figures relating to the costs and profitability of nuclear power generation, and will likely initiate a debate on a ""division of labor"" between the government and the electric power companies. "
"Japon - Sharp Corp. to Produce Solar Cell Modules in Europe Sharp Corporation, one of the world's leading manufacturers of photovoltaic (PV) modules, will start producing PV modules at Sharp Manufacturing Company of U.K. (SUKM) in Wrexham, North Wales in spring 2004. The annual production capacity of solar cell modules at SUKM will be 20MW per year initially and will increase as demand grows. Sharp has already started production in the U.S., ...
Cellule photovoltaïque ; Europe ; Japon ; Prix de l'énergie ; Production ; Secteur industriel ; Solaire photovoltaïque
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